Tuesday, 16 January 2018


Generally house is a place where people live and they set or decorate the house according to their taste or interest. The maintenance work is of great importance which keeps the house fit to stay in. In spite of cleaning and maintenance sometimes few house hold pests create damage &disturbance to the house as well as to certain articles.
 The common house hold pests are moths, carpet beetles, the common furniture beetle, fleas, bedbugs, sliver fish, rats &mice, cockroaches and flies.

                                  image of moths के लिए इमेज परिणाम

1. MOTHS: Moth is of a pale buff colour, are seen flying mainly between June and October, they are relatively small with a wing. The materials which are attacked by moth are wool, fur skins and feathers and those which are made of rubber, man-made and vegetable fibres. The following are the articles that need protection from damage by moth are:
1.    Blankets, bedding and quilts
2.     Carpets and underfelts
3.    Upholstered furniture and curtains
4.    Stuffed animals and birds i.e. fur and feathers.
Damage by moth most frequently occurs during storage as moths like warmth, darkness and lack of disturbance and so all articles to be stored, should be clean and protected by a moth detergent. Commonly used moth detergents are Naphthalene, camphor tablets and  while many insecticides are used to kill the pests

                    image of carpet beetles के लिए इमेज परिणाम         

2. CARPET BEETLES : The varied carpet beetle 2-4 cm long , lays egg in old bird’s nests, fabrics and accumulated fluffy in buildings. Carpet beetles have become the major textile pest and now do more damages than moths. The damage consists of fairly well defined round holes along the seams of fabrics where the larvae have bitten through the threads
Frequent vacuum cleaning of fluff and debris from storage cupboards, floor boards, carpets and upholstery is the main means of control. Insect killing powders may be sprayed between floorboards, under felts and is sprayed where fluff may collect and attack larvae.
Wood boring beetles can be linked to moths. The common furniture beetle lay about 20-60 eggs in cracks and crevices of polished wood, Eg: Flooring panels back of wardrobes and chests of drawers.

                             image of fleas के लिए इमेज परिणाम

3.FLEAS:  There are many different kinds of fleas and each has a preference for one kind of host. Fleas bite their host causing annoyance and in the humans large red itching spots on the skin.
Fleas are able to cover considerable destructions owing to jumping powders. They like darkness and warmth and are capable of laying a large number of eggs generally in the cracks of the floors.
Spraying with insecticides is a suitable way of eradicating them.

image of bed bugs silverfish के लिए इमेज परिणाम        image of bed bugs silverfish के लिए इमेज परिणाम

4. BED BUGS &SLIVER FISH:  Bed bugs may be seen in second hand furniture, bedding, books and under the wooden lathes of trunks. Bed bugs are about 0.5cm long and 0.3 cm wide, reddish brown in colour. By nature they feed by sucking human blood. Their bites cause considerable irritation and may result in large red patches with swelling on some people.

Sliver fish is mostly found in books and other old wood items. They need to be dusted at regular intervals and wood polishes can be applied if the wood has lost it freshness.

Bed bugs may be prevented by regular cleaning of cup boards and surroundings. Sinks, pipes should also be checked and insecticidal powders can be sprinkled where bedbugs &sliver fish are seen.

                                   image of rats & mice के लिए इमेज परिणाम

5. RATS & MICE: Rats, mice are more likely to be found in the kitchen and cleanliness of all areas where food is handled are important points in the prevention of infestation. Rats and mice may be destroyed with poisons.

                            image of cockroach के लिए इमेज परिणाम
6. COCKROACHES: Cockroaches are more likely to be found in the kitchen &dining hall rather than in bed rooms. Sprays and insecticides should be used regularly. Avoiding excess dump and clutter helps to reduce the cockroaches.

Monday, 15 January 2018

FLAT BROKE WITH TWO GOATS A memoir of Appalachia by Jennifer MC GAHA

                                              image of the book flat broke with two goats के लिए इमेज परिणाम

Flat broke with two goats by Jennifer MC GAHA opens up with a beautiful family of 3 children, 5 dogs and a man &wife. How their lives move in a spacious cape cod style house and why &what made them to shift to a century old cabin in the mountains of western north Carolina is the dominant feature of the book.

The book carries with it the heaviness of overloaded burden of a family struggle &the various ways they tried to overcome it. “There are two ways of meeting difficulties: you alter the difficulties, or you alter yourself to meet them.” – Phyllis Battome.  Jennifer has altered herself.

I quote from page 89 of the book – “On those nights, everything piled into one heap in my mind: our tax problem, the foreclosure of our home. Bill’s death.  My grandmother’s death.  My grandmother’s empty house. My kids leaving home. The copperhead. Each event had jolted my centre, severed my sense of stability and security. Each thing collapsed into the other, mingling, overlapping, entwining, until I was unable to discern the greater trauma. Too much had happened at once. I was not safe.”

“Without courage, we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can’t be kind, true, merciful, generous or honest.- Maya Angelou

Jennifer’s courage needs to be applauded and deserves a good appreciation.

‘House is a building for people to live in, were as home is a place where we love to live.” Leaving our loved home is a tough task and their experiences are quiet touchingly put into words.
This follows friend’s suggestions, children leaving home for their studies and Jennifer leaving for a new job.  Major turns and chain of troubles shakes and creates unrest. The author recollects her good old memories and finds it as a source of inspiration to cross her hurdles.

Couples are mostly two different people with different ideas, perspectives &from different backgrounds. The impact of this is normal in every one’s lives. But in this book the misunderstandings lead to a more complicated future for them. Here the author admires her grandparents who were married for seven decades. The details are in chapter VII.

Author has good insight of geographical features which reflects in her writings in the chapter VIII.  Mountains, snow, regional /country side description takes the readers to that location itself.

From the page 156, I quote, gradually, our lives began to wrap around the rituals of farm life.  All those things that at first seemed so complicated- regulating the chick’s water flow and food supply, mixing the right amount of oyster shells in with the feed, cleaning and sorting and labelling the eggs and so on, became part of our routines.’’ A thorough study &procedures of farm life

 The author has shared a recipe at the end of each chapter, the book has total of twenty five chapters. GOAT’S MILK CUSTARD and CAJETA are so fresh and interesting to note is the preparation of GOATMILK SOAP.

Many interesting facts about goats, raising goats, plus &minus of leaving close to nature, lost goats, naming goats &chickens, ‘Spring –Lamb”  are all dealt in an elaborate manner.

 Finally, ‘’Patience and perseverance have a magical effect, before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish –John Quincy Adams.

Tuesday, 9 January 2018


The fresh New Year has started and one more year has added to our age and fully bright, colourful and exuberant birthday is on its way. Each year brings us a whole new variety to our lives with celebrations on festivals, birthdays and anniversaries.
From the day we are born, we get a birth sign and it eventually depends on the day we are born. Birth signs are totally 12 in number and each has a definite symbol, birthstone, and a lucky flower, colours, numbers &day.

                                image of birth signs के लिए इमेज परिणाम

People born in between (March 21 to April 20) come under ARIES, Fiery First sign,
Symbol: The Ram
Ruling Planet: Mars
Birthstone: Diamond
Flower: Sweet Pea
Colours: Fiery Red, Orange
Numbers: Seven, Six
Day: Tuesday

People born in between (April 21-May 21) come under TAURUS, Earthy second sign,
Symbol: The Bull
Ruling Planet: Venus
Birthstone: Emerald
Flower: Lily of the Valley
Colours: Natural colours
Numbers: One, Nine
Day: Friday

People born in between (May 22- June 21) come under GEMINI, Airy Third sign,
Symbol: The Twins
Ruling Planet: Mercury
Birthstone: Agate
Flower: Rose
Colours: Sky blue, black
Numbers: Three, Four
Day: Wednesday

People born in between (June 22 – July 22) come under CANCER, Watery Fourth sign,
Symbol: The Crab, Moon
Ruling Planet: The moon
Birthstone: Moonstone, Pearl
Flower: Larkspur
Colours: Sliver, Sea Green
Numbers: Eight, Three
Day: Friday

People born in between (July 23- August 23) come under LEO, Fiery &Fixed Fifth sign,
Symbol: The Sun, The Lion
Ruling Planet:  The sun
Birthstone: Sardonyx
Flower: Gladioli
Colours: Gold, Fiery shades
Numbers: Five, Nine
Day: Sunday

People born in between (August 24-September 22) come under VIRGO,Earthy &Adaptable Sixth sign,
Symbol: Fertility Goddess
Ruling Planet:  Mercury
Birthstone: Sapphire
Flower: Aster
Colours: Natural, Warm
Numbers: Eight, four
Day: Wednesday

People born in between (September 23-October 23) come under LIBRA, Airy sociable seventh sign,
Symbol: The Scales
Ruling Planet: Venus
Birthstone: Opal
Flower: Calendula
Colours: peacock blue
Numbers: Six, Nine
Day: Friday

People born in between (October 24-November 22) come under SCORPIO, Watery Eight sign,
Symbol: The Scorpion
Ruling Planet: Mars
Birthstone: Topaz
Flower: Chrysanthemum
Colours: Dark water shades
Numbers: Three, Five
Day: Tuesday

People born in between (November23-Dcember23) come under SAGITTARIUS ,Fiery, Adaptable Ninth sign,
Symbol: The Archer
Ruling Planet: Jupiter
Birthstone: Turquoise
Flower: Narcissus
Colours: Fiery Reds
Numbers: Nine
Day: Thursday

People born in between (December 24-January20) come under CAPRICORN, Earthy Tenth sign,
Symbol: The Goat
Ruling Planet: Saturn
Birthstone: Garnet
Flower: Carnation
Colours: Restrained to Dark
Numbers: Seven, Three
Day: Saturday

People born in between (January 21-February 18) come under AQUARIUS, Airy, Stubborn Eleventh Sign,
Symbol: Water Carrier
Ruling Planet: Uranus
Birthstone: Amethyst
Flower: Violet
Colours: Wild, Way out
Numbers: Eight, Four
Day: Wednesday

People born in between (February 19-March 20) come under PISCES, Watery, Compromising Twelfth sign,
Symbol: Two fish
Ruling Planet: Neptune
Birthstone: Blood stone
Flower: Jonquil
Colours: Violet, oceanic
Numbers: Five, Eight
Day: Friday

Monday, 8 January 2018


                                          image of laughing के लिए इमेज परिणाम

New year has set in with much bang and a week passed by, many of us made many resolutions and sure to follow it without fail. LOL is a must in the new year resolution, let’s see what it is?

Most of us give much focus on the weight loss through eating right food in a right amount in a right time. YES, indeed it’s always pays good results. The resolutions vary from person to person basing on their requirements which in turn depends on their age, lifestyle and health issues. Irrespective of any variations, this LOL is sure to make you more happier, healthier and hot.

LOL is laugh out loud, Laughter is treated as a therapy now a days, to make people feel less  tense and be calm and cool. Laughter not only boosts energy levels but also helps you to relax.   In addition to this:

-          10 to 15 minutes of laughter burns about 50 calories.

-          It reduces stress and even stimulates blood flow.

-          Laughter is said to result in better sleep, according to studies.

-          A study says 15 minutes of laughter increases pain threshold by 10 per cent.

-          It is also believed that laughter boosts your immune system.

This New Year can be more fruitful, if you can work hard to include this LOL in your bucket list. If this is done as a group activity, it brings more joy and the total mood of the area will get set with huge laughter. One who can’t go out or unable to join the group due to timings, they can start with:

-          Watching a comic video or any comedy channel in the TV set

-          Read  favourite authors comedy novels

-          Buy jokes books in  mother tongue and enjoy reading it loud.

-          Take up Daily Newspaper and go through their cartoon or joke columns

-          Share all comedy information or jokes with  friends through what’s APP or SMS every day.

-          Make it a routine among  friends to discuss any funny things of  childhood.

All these can assist one to promote themselves to laughter and this in turn will bring more humour in their lives. “Laughter is the best medicine” stated in the ancient times itself. At least we should realise it now and follow for our better living.

                                        image of laughing के लिए इमेज परिणाम